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Old 10-13-2020, 01:48 PM
Kellyco Kellyco is offline
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Default The California Gold Rush


The California Gold Rush is, forgive the pun, the gold standard of gold rushes in the United States. Indeed, California is known as the “Golden State” both because of its beautiful natural scenery, but also because of this gold rush that absolutely changed the face of American history in a short period of time. A great way to explain the changes is to compare California before the gold rush — a sparsely populated area inhabited mostly by Indians and Mexicans — to a state important enough that the first Republican Presidential candidate, John C. Fremont, hailed from the state.

It all began on January 24, 1848, when James W. Marshall, a sawmill entrepreneur, and carpenter, discovered gold at Sutter’s Mill in Coloma, California in the northern central portion of the state. California was still technically a part of Mexico at this time, as the Mexican-American War was still underway, but it had been claimed by the United States since the Bear Flag Revolt in 1846. When all was said and done, 300,000 people had poured into the region and the population demographics of the territory — a state by 1850 — were changed forever. Tens of billions of dollars were extracted from the mines in the state, which helped the United States on its road to becoming an economic powerhouse.

Who Was James W. Marshall?

As is often the case with a gold rush, the California Gold Rush had very inauspicious beginnings. James Wilson Marshall didn’t own the land where he discovered the gold and thus joins the long list of people who came close to grabbing the golden ring but were unable to do so due to circumstances outside of their control.

The land itself was owned by John Sutter, born Johann August Sutter, an immigrant from one of the many small states that made up the Holy Roman Empire. Marshall was examining a channel on the land when he noticed the shiny flecks that often meant there were large deposits of gold. For his part, Sutter was far more concerned with the completion of his sawmill than he was with panning for gold, so he simply allowed the workmen to hunt for gold on his land in their spare time.california gold rush

Ironically, the discovery of gold on his land led to Sutter’s economic ruination. Though he attempted to keep the find quiet, the discovery of land was exposed to a mass audience by newspaper publisher Samuel Brannan. When news of the gold spread throughout his crew, they all left the steady work of building a sawmill to hunt for gold. Eventually, the hordes of prospectors drove Sutter off of his own land. His son, John Augustus Sutter Jr., had no small success rebuilding the land, but the prospectors destroyed virtually everything of value that lay on the land. The elder Sutter eventually received a $250 monthly pension as reimbursement for his land.

Marshall, too, was economically ruined by the army of squatters who destroyed crops and cattle as they went. However, he returned to business in Coloma in 1857, running a vineyard that saw some success in the 1860s before being ruined by higher taxes and increased competition. He then returned to prospecting, which was largely unsuccessful. He died broke in a cabin on August 10, 1885. A monument was eventually erected to him and visitors can still go see the cabin where he spent his final days.

Going to California

It bears repeating that going from a “western” American city of the time, such as St. Louis, to California, was not anywhere near as easy as it is today. Indeed, there was not even rail transportation out to California at this time. And it was the California Gold Rush that changed all of that.

Most of the 49’ers, in fact, didn’t even travel over the land. They got to California by sea. Remember that this was prior to the construction of the Panama Canal. The journey went all the way around Tierra del Fuego and took between four and five months. That was a total of 18,000 nautical miles (21,000 land miles or 33,000 kilometers). The other option was to go to the thinnest part of Panama, cross the jungle, and pick up another boat on the other side. Companies such as the U.S. Mail Steamship Company, the Pacific Mail Steamship Company (which enjoyed federal subsidies), and the Accessory Transit Company allowed for men who weren’t prospecting to make their fortunes off of the California Gold Rush.

Of course, some adventure and treasure seekers did use an overland route, with most utilizing the California Trail, a 3,000-mile trail that ran from the Missouri River to California. It was one of a series of so-called “pioneer trails” that were built by enterprising settlers on their way out west during the 19th Century.

Supplies were likewise needed in California, but it was difficult to keep crews because men generally deserted to go hunt for gold in the fields. Some abandoned ships were converted into warehouses, taverns, hotels, and other structures, including at least one jail. But when all was said and done, it was the merchants who made out like bandits during the California Gold Rush, not the miners.

Last edited by Cfmct; 12-10-2020 at 08:56 AM. Reason: Removed Links ...Non-Sponsor Advertising
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Old 10-13-2020, 02:27 PM
MuddyMo MuddyMo is offline
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Interesting but you should sponsor Friendly Metal Detecting Forum..

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Old 10-13-2020, 10:07 PM
KOB KOB is online now
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Originally Posted by MuddyMo View post
Interesting but you should sponsor Friendly Metal Detecting Forum..
Exactly. Start putting out and be a sponsor. That was both great and very lame at the same time.
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Old 10-14-2020, 11:39 AM
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grinsebring grinsebring is offline
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Default The gold rush

X3 on being a sponsor.

As an aside there is a book, Historical novel, with insight into the ordeals of getting to the gold fields that most of you would find educational as well as entertaining.

"Gold" by Stewart Edward White published in 1924. I at one time had two copies in my collection but sent one to an acquaintance in Oatman Arizona 20 years ago.

You might be able to find one on line or at a library.

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Old 10-14-2020, 01:32 PM
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Welcome and let me add my hopes that you will become a Sponsor. The Original KellyCo had been one for a very long time!

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Old 10-14-2020, 05:09 PM
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georgeinsc georgeinsc is offline
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Yes being a sponsor might improve my view of your company which is currently very poor.
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Old 10-14-2020, 09:23 PM
IDXMonster IDXMonster is offline
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Is this not a veiled advertisement? I’ve gotten a few things from KellyCo and have had a good experience, so it’s all good. This just looks like a thinly veiled (if that) advertisement.

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Old 10-16-2020, 11:22 AM
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KinTN KinTN is offline
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Sponsor instead of stealth advertising sounds good........
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Old 10-16-2020, 11:44 AM
Tpmetal Tpmetal is online now
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yeah this pretty much sums up my previous experiences at kellyco lol. Tried to buy from them twice both ended with no response after the initial generic follow up. So I bought elsewhere both times. Interesting though I did not know they changes hands recently?
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  #10  
Old 10-16-2020, 01:30 PM
Kellyco Kellyco is offline
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Smile Sponsorship

Thanks everyone for suggesting sponsorship. We are in talks with Vlad!

Thought you might be interested in some of (what we think) our most interesting content. We appreciate the feedback and look forward to conversing more here
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